20.

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Casablanca, the Best Loved of All Motion Pictures

This is the summary of the film «Casablanca», probably the best-love ! of all motion pictures. In 1941 Casablanca was the last stage for refugees hoping to escape from the Nazis via Lisbon to the United States, which had not yet ?1} World War II. Rick, an American adventurer, ran (2) and claimed to be neutral. In Paris, before the Nazi occupation, he was in love with Lisa, the widow (as she thought) of a resistance leader, but she left him (as he thought) when they were going to escape. (3), she received news that her husband was alive and reappeared with him in Casablanca. Rick, who was (4) in love with Lisa, helped her and her husband to go to the United States, which required the help of the corrupt prefect of the police. In the final scene at the airport, Rick shot Major Strasse, who came to prevent Lisa and her husband from (5) the plane. They left and the prefect of the police changed sides and went to the headquarters of the Free French with Rick, who decided to take part in the war.

#1. 1) taken; 2) joined to; 3) entered; 4) fought.

#2. 1) a cafe; 2) the war; 3) the battle; 4) a trick.

#3.1) final; 2) as a fact; 3) in final; 4) in fact.

#4. 1) until; 2) still; 3) yet; 4) last.

#5.1) flying; 2) catching; 3) enjoying; 4) throwing.

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21.

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Sir Ernest Shackleton, the Antarctic Explorer

The Antarctic Explorer, Sir Ernest Shackleton, lost his ship in the ice in 1915, but led his men to (1) on Elephant Island. Then he decided to try to reach South Georgia, 800 miles away, in a small boat. He (2) on the uninhabited south-west coast of the island, and with two companions crossed the mountains to the whaling station of Stromness. When they set off (3) the whaling station, not more than a mile and a half distant, they were shivering with cold, yet with their hearts light and happy. Their beards were long, they were unwashed and the garments ?4) they had worn for nearly a year without a change were tattered and stained. More unpleasant-looking ruffians could hardly be imagined. But the difficulties of «he journey lay behind them. The 22 men left on Elephant Island were (5) eventually rescued.

#1. 1) luxury; 2) poverty; 3) treasure; 4) safety.

#2. 1) reached; 2) landed; 3) arrived; 4) swam.

#3. 1) towards; 2) back; 3) in the direction; 4) backwards.

#4. 1) what; 2) whole; 3) that; 4) while.

#5. 1) partially; 2) wholly; 3) all; 4) almost.

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22.

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The Best Stone in the World

In 1769 George and Eleanor Coade bought a factory manufacturing (1) stone in south-east London. When soon after it George Coade died, he left his wife and daughter to carry on business. The product developed by the factory’s former owner, Richard Holt, was a kind of baked clay. The two women (2) with his recipe, and succeeded in creating a new kind of stone which was almost a hundred percent weatherproof. The advantage of Coade Stone is that (3) natural stone slowly breaks •down and erodes away, Coade Stone seems to be able to survive in all weather conditions for many years. After the deaths of Eleonore Coade and her daughter the factory (4) for twenty years, but in 1840 it finally closed. (5) went the Coade Stone recipe which was lost, and has never been rediscovered.

#1. 1) natural; 2) abnormal; 3) artificial; 4) supernatural.

#2. 1) experimented; 2) made; 3) discovered; 4) completed.

#3.1) still; 2) just; 3) as; 4)while.

#4. 1) opened; 2) survived; 3) reduced; 4) appeared.

#5.1) With it; 2) Alone; 3) But; 4) Along.

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23.

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The (1) Musical Trio

This happened about thirty years ago when George Enesco, the celebrated violinist, agreed to give lessons to the son of a Romanian gentleman though he didn’t have musical talent. Three years later the boy’s father insisted that the boy gave a public concert. Although Enesco feared the consequences, he arranged a recital in Paris. However, nobody bought a ticket since the soloist was unknown. «Then you must (2) him on the piano,» said the boy’s father, «and it will be a (3).» Enesco agreed reluctantly but before the concert he became nervous and (4) someone to turn the pages. In the audience was Alfred Cortot, the brilliant pianist, who (5) and made his way to the stage. Next morning the music critic of «Le Figaro» wrote about the recital: «The man whom we adore when he plays the violin played the piano. Another whom we adore when he plays the piano turned the pages. But the one who should have turned the pages, played the violin.»

#1.1) worse; 2) better; 3) worst; 4) best.

#2. 1) follow; 2) keep company; 3) play with; 4) accompany.

#3. 1) successful; 2) sellout; 3) pleasure; 4) fancy.

#4. 1) asked for; 2) asked about; 3) was asked for; 4) ordered.

#5. 1) raised; 2) stood; 3) trembled; 4) volunteered.

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24.

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The (1} Successful Car

Ford produced the car of the decade in 1957 — the Edsel. Half of the models sold (2) spectacularly defective. If lucky, you could have got a car with any or all of the following (3) : doors that wouldn’t close, bonnets and boots that wouldn’t open, batteries went flat, brakes that failed and push buttons that couldn’t be pushed even with three of you trying. The Edsel, one of the biggest and most lavish cars ever built, coincided with a phase when people increasingly wanted economy cars. (4) Time magazine said, «It was a classic case of the wrong car for the wrong market at the wrong time.» Unpopular from the very beginning, the car’s popularity declined. One business writer at the time {5} the Edsel’s sales graph to an extremely dangerous skislope. He added that, so far as he knew, there was only one case of an Edsel ever being stolen.

#1. 1) last; 2) least; 3) best; 4) bad.

#2. 1) turned; 2) drove; 3) ran; 4) proved.

#3. 1) features; 2) creatures; 3) models; 4) codes.

#4. 1) After; 2) Or; 3) As; 4) Since then.

#5. 1) likened; 2) liked; 3) disliked; 4) graphed.

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25.

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The Four-Minute Mile

It is the nature of athletic records that they are broken and their place is taken by others. (1) in many sports events, there is a mark which is not significant in itself, but which becomes a legend as athletes try to break it. The most famous of these is the attempt to run the mile (2) four minutes. In 1945, the mile record was brought down to 4 minutes, 5 seconds. And there, for nine years, it stuck. Then, in 1954, a medical student Roger bannister decided to try and (3) the record. He had been training for this day (4) running the mile in 4 minutes, 2 seconds the previous year. He wrote afterwards: «Those last few seconds seemed never-ending. I could see the line of the finishing tape. I jumped like a man making a desperate attempt to save himself from danger…» Bannister’s time was 3 minutes, 59.4 seconds. Although this record has been broken on many occasions since, Bannister’s (5) will never be forgotten.

#1.1) And; 2) Though; 3) Although; 4) Yet.

#2. 1) as short as; 2) in less than; 3) less as; 4) for more than.

#3. 1) set; 2) run; 3) break; 4) hit.

#4.1.) since; 2) for; 3) in spite; 4) as soon as.

#5. 1) achievement; 2) failure; 3) advantage; 4) experiment.

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26.

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From the History of Tennis

Four thousand years ago, an Egyptian sculptor carved a picture on the v all of two women hitting a ball back and forth from hand ?1} hand. Is this the ancestor of tennis? Tennis was (2) to Norway from Greece in 500 A.D. It became so popular between the twelfth and fourteenth century that every town in France had its own (3). But this was a very different game from the one we see at Wimbledon today. At first the game was played bare-handed with a leather ball filled with dog’s hair. (4) rougher materials like sand and chalk were used but these caused injures to the players’ hands. This led to the use of protective gloves (5) got bigger and bigger as time went on until it was necessary to cut out the centres and replace them with tight ropes. Gradually those gloves evolved into rackets.

#1. 1) in ; 2) under; 3) out; 4) to.

#2. 1) sent; 2) caught; 3) known; 4) brought.

#3. 1) center; 2) hall; 3) courtroom; 4) court.

#4. 1) Later; 2) Late; 3) Lately; 4) Latter.

#5. 1) it; 2) which; 3) this; 4) what.

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27.

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From the History of Golf

No (1) really knows where the game of golf was first played. (2) played a game with wooden sticks an a leather ball filled with feathers, but the details a -e not (3). In the fifteenth century, golf first appeared in the written history of Scotland. In 1457 the Scottish parliament was displeased with the number of people playing golf instead of training for the army and the game was banned. 1503 even the King had started playing golf again. Mary, the Queen of Scots, is thought to have been the first woman-(5). People say she played a few rounds of golf just after her husband was murdered.

#1. 1) body; 2) some; 3) thing; 4) one.

#2. 1) Rome; 2) The Romans; 3) Roman; 4) The Roman.

#3. 1) known; 2) covered; 3) opened; 4) solved.

#4. 1) So; 2) Hence; 3) That’s why; 4) However.

#5. 1) golf; 2) game; 3) golfer; 4) play.

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28.

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From the History of Football

Football is a very old sport, but it was no laughing matter in the early days. Two villages (1) to kick a ball made from a pig’s intestine to a goal. The goals were things like trees or buildings and could be (2) five miles apart. The game, which was sometimes extremely violent, could (3) from sunrise to sunset. A more controlled form of the game began to be played in England s public schools in the early nineteenth century. Each school played a different ?4} of the game and the rules varied widely. In 1863 a Football Association was established and the members met to decide on the rules. It took five meetings before they could all (5).

#1.1) laughed; 2) battled; 3) mattered; 4) had.

#2. 1) like; 2) as much; 3) much as; 4) as much as.

#3. 1) go on; 2) make for; 3) do with; 4) give up.

#4. 1) version; 2) fashion; 3) copy; 4) issue.

#5.1) meet; 2) disagree; 3) argue; 4) agree.

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29.

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From the History of Windsurfing

From the deep blue waters of Waikiki Beach (1) the cold grey Atlantic of Cornwal, the surfers have a strange bond with the sea. They are part of a tradition that goes back to the people of the Pacific islands, (2) prayed to the gods for the best waves. From the beginning of the sixteenth century Hawaiian legends and songs (3) surfing as an obsession making surfers forget everything, including work and family. In 1911 America (4) surfing. The journalist and novelist Jack London wrote about surfing in his book «The Shark Hunt». Soon the craze swept through California and beyond, the surfing has never looked back. Generations of surfers now think of Hawaii (5) the Mecca for their sport.

#1.1) till; 2) under; 3) to; 4) in front.

#2. 1) that; 2) those; 3) whom; 4) who.

#3.1) sing; 2) describe; 3) listen to; 4) tell.

#4. 1) opened; 2) invented; 3) discovered; 4) made.

#5. 1) like; 2) as; 3) so; 4) than.

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