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l)On June,l, 1910, Captain Scott left London to begin his Antarctic expedition. On his way, he received a telegram from the Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen:» I’m going South.» So the race to the South Pole was on!

2) During the polar summer of 1910-11, both teams organised food depots in preparation for their expedition the following year. Then came the total darkness of the polar winter. Scott and Amundsen waited impatiently for the first signs of spring.

3) Amundsen was the first to leave, on October, 15, 1911. He had teams of dogs pulling the sledges and all his men were on skis. Because of this, he , made rapid progress.

4) Scott left on November, 1 and soon had problems. First, two motor sledges broke down, and then the ponies began to have serious difficulties with the snow and the cold. After a while, Scott and his men had to push the sledges themselves.

5) Amundsen reached the Pole on December, 14 and put Norwegian flag there. Then he prepared for the return journey.

6) Scott finally arrived at the Pole with four companions on January, 17. They were devastated when they saw the Norwegian flag.

7) The return journey was one of the worst in the history of exploration. The men were soon exhausted and were running out of food. The weather conditions were terrible. Scott started to realise their desperate situation.

8 ) Despite this, on their way back they found time to look for rocks and fossils. They carried 20 kilos of rocks all the way with them. Later, these rocks proved that at one time in the distant past Antarctica was covered by plants. However, disaster soon struck. Edgar Evans had terrible frostbite and died after a bad fall. The next to go was Captain Gates, who was having great difficulty walking. Scott recorded his death.

9) Scott and two companions carried on and got within eleven miles of one of their food depots. But then a terrible storm started and they could not leave their tent. Scott spent some of his last hours writing. He wrote a letter full of sadness to his wife Kathleen. Scott’s final diary entry told the story of their tragic end.

10) The news of Scott’s death shocked the world. He had failed to win the race to the Pole, but the remarkable courage shown by Captain Scott and his men made them into heroes.

#1.(…) Who between the two world famous explorers reached the Pole first?

#2. (…) Which Pole did they race to?

#3. (…)When did they prepare intensively to go on their research expeditions?

#4. (…) What was the most desperate journey in the history of Pole exploration?

#5. (…) Why did Captain Scott and his men become known as heroic people despite their Failure in winning the race to the Pole?

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