492.

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1) After inventing dynamite Swedish-born Alfred Nobel became a very rich man.

2) However, he saw its universally destructive power too late.

3) Nobel preferred not to be remembered as the inventor of dynamite.

4) So in 1895 just two weeks before his death, he created a fund to be used for awarding prizes to people who made worth-while contributions to mankind.

5) Originally, there were five awards: literature, physics, chemistry, medicine and peace.

6) Economics was added in 1963, just sixty-seven years after the first ceremony.

7) Nobel’s original legacy of nine million dollars was invested and the interest on this sum is used for the awards which vary from 30000 to 125000.

8 ) Every year on December 10, the anniversary of Nobel’s, the awards (gold medal, diploma and money) are presented to winners.

9) Sometimes politics plays an important role in the judges’ decisions.

10) Some people have won two prizes, but this is rare, others have shared their prizes; Americans have won numerous science prizes, but relatively few literature prizes.

#1. (…)Did Alfred Nobel as the inventor of dynamite realize its might at once?

#2. (…) People often get several prizes among five awards, don’t they?

#3. (…) What was Alfred Nobel’s origin?

#4. (…) What people were to be awarded prizes according to Nobel’s will?

#5, (…) What does the award comprise?

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