501.

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1) Miss Robinson had been taking driving lessons and trying to pass her driving test for several years, but in vain.

2) She had failed every time because she always became too excited and embarrassed and did silly things when she was driving a car.

3) One day she was taking her test again, but she made so many silly mistakes that she was sure she had no chance of passing the test.

4) She was very surprised when the examiner nodded at the end of her test and said, «All right, Miss Robinson, I’m going to pass you.»

5) The next morning she went out in her car alone for the first time; her face was red and her hands were sweating.

6) She could hardly believe that it was no longer necessary for her to have a good driver with her in the car whenever she went out in it.

7) She came to the first street lights and was very glad when she managed to stop the car quite smoothly and at the right place. She did not want to look foolish in front of other drivers in the street.

8 ) While she was waiting for the lights to change from red to green, an old lady came up to the window, and when Miss Robinson opened it again and looked out, the lady asked her if she was going into the town.

9) «Yes, » Miss Robinson answered. «I’m going to the Public Library.» «Will you please take me as far as the market place?» the old lady asked. «I have an appointment at the hospital, and there isn’t a bus for another hour.»

10) Miss Robinson surprised the old lady enormously by answering, «I’m very sorry, but 1 can’t drive.»

#1.(…) Why did Miss Robinson think that she would fail her test again?

#2. (…) Was she a bit excited when she went out in her car alone without any experienced driver?

#3. (…) Why was the other woman in a great hurry?

#4. (…) Did she really understand that she had passed her test to drive independently?

#5. (…) The old lady was asking for her driver’s licence at first, wasn’t she?

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502.

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1) Mr. Jones liked to be comfortable, so when he got into the train, he always used one and the same technique. He used to put his suitcase on the seat beside him and pretend that it belonged to another passenger who had gone to buy something in the station.

2) One day he did the same thing when the train was very crowded. Other passengers came in and sat in all the other seats except the one where his suitcase was lying on.

3) Then an old gentleman arrived, looked at Mr. Jones’ case and said, «Is this somebody’s seat?’

4) «Yes,» answered Mr. Jones. » A friend of mine is travelling with me and he has gone to buy some cigarettes. He will come soon.»

5) Mr.Jones opened the window and looked out to make the old gentleman believe that he was anxious about his friend.

6) «All right,» said the old gentleman. «I’ll sit here until your friend comes back, and then I’ll stand somewhere.» He put his suitcase up above him and sat down.

7) Mr.Jones did not feel very happy about this, but he wasn’t able to do or say anything because all the other passengers were watching and listening attentively.

8 ) Several minutes passed, the whistle blew and the train began to move but nobody appeared.

9) Then suddenly the old gentleman jumped up and said, «I’m very sorry, but your friend seems to have missed the train. We don’t want him to be separated from his suitcase, do we? He wouldn’t like it at all.»

10) Before Mr.Jones was able to say or do anything to prevent him, the old gentleman took this suitcase and threw it out of the window which Mr.Jones had opened.

#1.(…) Why couldn’t the passengers take the vacant seat?

#2. (…) How did Mr.Jones try to prove his worry about his friend?

#3. (…) Was it possible to change the course of events in that situation with people looking at him?

#4. (…) Was the old gentleman a very clever and witty person to imagine Mr.Jones’ friend’s gloomy mood?

#5. (…) What habit was very characteristic of Mr.Jones in the past?

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503.

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1) One day a big American car went up Winifred Street and stopped in front of a shabby looking cottage just off the main road.

2) It was indeed the finest vehicle, it seemed, that had ever moved about the moors of Scotland, and now that it came it was bound to cause a great commotion all over the town.

3) Presently a middle-aged gentleman got out of the car, paced across to the entrance gate, torn it open and made straight for the house.

4) At that very moment the door opened and an old Scotsman came into the garden. He wore a kilt and his grey hair waved in the air.

5) The gentleman made a dash over the flowerbed and found himself in front of the host.

6) «Daddy,» he whispered in a voice trembling with emotion. «Do you recognize me? I’m your son, Gordon».

7) «Remember, thirty years ago you sent me to Ferguson’s to get you a bottle of whisky?» «Yes, I do,» answered the old man.

8 ) «That’s when 1 ran to America,» continued the gentleman, who was no doubt delighted his father could remember him.

9) «I made my fortune there,» he went on. «Of course, I am respectably married and now I would like to introduce my wife and children to you,» he concluded, pointing to the car and the crowd of youngsters getting out of it.

10) «That’s all very well, son,» said the old Scotsman, «but where is my bottle of whisky?»

#1.(…) Why was the car sure to cause quite a sensation?

#2. (…) Was the host dressed according to the local traditions?

#3.(…) How long did the son live in the USA?

#4. (…) What news did the son tell his father to gladden his heart and prove his own prosperity?

#5. (…) What was the old man surprised at most of all?

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504.

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1) The plane took off from the air field in London, and the journey to South Africa, to Johannesburg, to be exact, started.

2) It was just after the war, and it was not a jet, as it is the case nowadays, but it was a big plane with four engines and four propellers.

3) When a few minutes later they were crossing the Channel, one of the engines went wrong, but the stewardess said there were three engines left and the passengers felt safe.

4) However, when the plane reached the Mediterranean Sea, the second engine broke down, but the stewardess told there was nothing to worry about because two engines were quite enough to keep them in the air.

5) As they got near to the shores of Africa, the news spread that only one propeller was working. The stewardess kept her mouth shut that time, so the passengers came to the conclusion that the plane had developed some engine trouble.

6) Presently they were flying over the jungle in Central Africa and all fellow travellers were terribly upset.

7) Women were holding their children tighter and tighter, men were drinking more and more, and more heavily at that. There was also a parson who was saying a prayer in a loud voice. The passengers were terribly frustrated and looking down, couldn’t help thinking of cannibalism, death and other «pleasant» things.

8 ) At that moment, the loud speaker was switched on, and the captain’s voice was heard: «Ladies and gentlemen, I have tragic news for you.»

9) The faces of all passengers turned pale. Their hearts sank into their boots. The prayer got stifled in the parson’s mouth.

10) The captain continued in a gloomy voice: «It is my sad duty to inform you that England has lost her last football match against Scotland.»

#1.(…) How did the passengers picture their future?

#2. (…) Was it a modern jet plane?

#3.(…) When did the first trouble with the engine start?

#4. (..) What soothing information was given to make the people believe in their safety over the sea space?

#5. (…) Why was it so important and essential for the captain to break the tragic news for he was a true Englishman?

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505.

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1) When John and Tom were sixteen they spent a week climbing mountains in the Lake District.

2) One day, just as they reached the summit of a mountain called Great Gable, early in the afternoon, it began to rain. With the foolish enthusiasm of youth they decided to take a short cut back to the farm-house where they were staying.

3) It looked possible on the map, but there was no footpath.

4) After half an hour the clouds came down and reduced visibility to about two yards. It was impossible to go on, and they hid as best as they could under an overhanging rock.

5) Three hours later the clouds were as thick as ever and the young people were feeling cold, hungry and very miserable. Moreover, it was beginning to get dark.

6) Fortunately, they had told their landlady, Mrs. Merton, where they were going, and they hoped that if they were not back by nightfall she would raise the alarm and send a search party.

7) From time to time they shouted but there was no answer. Then, at last, the clouds rolled away, and they saw the lights of a search party, not below them, but above them.

8 ) The young men attracted their attention and three men came scrambling down towards them. Then they saw that the youngsters were nearly at the edge of a sheer drop. If they had gone on in the clouds, they would have been killed.

9) The young climbers were so cold and stiff that the men had to help them back to the top and then down to the farm- house.

10) After they got back to:the farm-house, Mrs.Merton was very glad to see them, but the young men made her promise not to tell anything their parents about their climbing experience.

#1. (…) Did the young men make up their minds to take a safe and long way back to the farm- house?

#2. (…) Where did they take shelter?

#3. (…) When did the youngsters realize the danger of their position and that of the search party on the whole?

#4. (…) Why did they need assistance on their way back?

#5. (…)The young climbers turned to Mrs.Merton with an interesting request, didn’t they?

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506.

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1) Edward I had conquered Wales. The two great Welsh leaders, Llewellyn and his brother David, had been killed. But the Welsh people, though they were beaten, were rebellious. They had no great leader, but there was a great number of chieftains most of whom were jealous of one another.

2) At last three or four of these chieftains came to see Edward I, who with his wife Eleanor, was staying at Caernarvon Castle, to tell him their complaints.

3) They said that they wanted to be ruled not by an English king, but by a Prince of Wales, born in Wales, of royal blood, and not speaking English or French.

4) They wanted a prince whose life was good and who had not wronged any man, though they themselves couldn’t agree who this prince should be.

5) Certainly, they were asking a lot, but Edward, after a little thought, told them to ask all the chieftains and their followers to come to this castle in a week’s time and he would give them what they had asked, a Prince of Wales who fulfilled all their conditions.

6) So the next week the great square outside the castle was crowded with excited people, all wondering which of the chieftains had been chosen by Edward. English soldiers tried to keep the crowd back.

7) The chieftains were ready to quarrel who the new ruler would be, but at that moment Edward stepped on to the balcony in front of the castle. Behind him a knight carefully carried Edward’s shield on which there lay a bundle covered with a blanket.

8 ) The whole crowd was excited but silent waiting for Edward to speak. And he began: «Chieftains and people of Wales, you have asked for a prince and 1 have promised you one to rule over you, of royal blood, born in Wales, not able to speak English, of blameless life. If I give such a prince, will you promise to be ruled by him?» — «We promise,» they answered readily.

9) «Here is your prince,»- the King said and lifting the blanket showed a small boy, — «my son, a prince of royal blood, born a week ago in this castle. He speaks no English and he has wronged no man alive. Edward, the Prince of Wales!»

10) The chiefs were angry and disappointed, but the Welsh people were pleased. Each chieftain thought that, at any rate, no rival chief had been chosen. Since that day the eldest son of the King of England has always been the Prince of Wales.

#1. (…) Why couldn’t Welsh chieftains choose their leader themselves?

#2. (…)They wanted to be ruled by an English king who knew their native language, didn’t they?

#3. (…) What kind of lifestyle did the chieftains demand from their ruler?

#4. (…) In which episode can Edward’s talent at diplomacy be seen best of all?

#5. (…) What is the name of the first Prince of Wales?

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507.

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l)At midnight on December, 31 bells ring out around the world to welcome the New Year.

2) Although certain countries calculate time by other calendars, most countries in the world now number their years according to the Gregorian calendar introduced in the 16th century by Pope Gregory XIII.

3) Bell ringing is one way of celebrating the arrival of a new year which is common to many countries nowadays. But it is the differences in their celebrations and customs which are most interesting for us to know.

4) In Europe traditions are considerably different, but most of them involve a meal or some special food. Swiss housewives, for instance, bake special bread, rich in butter, eggs and raisins. They also cook roast goose.

5) In many countries children go from house to house greeting the hosts and their families and receiving invitations to come inside.

6) There is a practical reason for meals featuring so prominently in these New Year festivities. Most people stay up all night, or at least until midnight «to see New Year in», so food is essential.

7) There is also a common belief that if the New Year begins well it will continue like that. So great efforts are made to provide an atmosphere of good will and plenty.

8 ) In Spain there is a custom to eat 12 grapes at midnight and toast the New Year in champagne at family gatherings.

9) Groups of friends visit restaurants in Turkey intending to spend the night in celebrations which include present giving. 10) Some people in Greece play cards hoping that a win this night will bring them good luck for a whole year.

#1. (…)Is there any common sense in plenty of food in the New Year celebrations?

#2. (…)Do all the countries of the world make use of the same time calculation?

#3. (…) Why is it essential to eat, drink and be merry while welcoming this holiday in?

#4. (…) Why do bells ring around the world on the last day of December? #5. (…) What do Spaniards usually do as a kind of ritual at midnight?

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508.

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1) Agatha Christie is possibly the world’s most famous detective story writer. She wrote 79 novels and several plays.

2) It is interesting to note that today her sales outnumber those of William Shakespeare. However, behind her 4680000 words was a painfully shy woman whose life was often lonely and unhappy.

3) She was born in 1890 in Devon, the third child of Clarissa and Frederick Miller, and grew into a beautiful and sensitive girl with waist-length golden hair.

4) Agatha didn’t go to school but was educated at home by her mother. Her father died when she was 11 and both she and her mother were grief-stricken.

5) During World War I, while she was working in a hospital, she learned a lot about chemicals and poisons which proved very useful to her in her later literary career.

6) Agatha wrote her first detective novel in 1920 in which she introduced Hercule Poirot, the Belgian detective who appeared in many other subsequent novels.

7) Her other main detective also loved by her readers was an elderly spinster called Miss Marple, an extremely shrewd and watchful woman.

8 ) In 1914, at the beginning of the war, she had married Archibald Christie, but the marriage was unhappy. It didn’t last and in 1926 they divorced.

9) That year there was a double tragedy in her life because her much-loved mother died ; Agatha suffered a nervous breakdown.

10) She desperately wanted solitude to overcome her bitter feelings and it was while she was suffering so much that Agatha wrote one of her masterpieces, «The Murder of Roger Ackroyde».

#1. (,..)Who was the first detective presented to the reader by Agatha Christie?

#2. (…) Are her works very popular with the readers at present?

#3. (…)Did she learn much about chemistry and psychology of people at college?

#4. (…) Why was 1926 a double tragic year for A.Christie?

#5. (…) Agatha Christie was a very productive novelist, wasn’t she? 509. Знайдіть відповіді на запитання до тексту.

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509.

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1) Picasso showed his truly exceptional talent from a very young age. His first word was «lapiz» (Spanish for «pencil») and he learned to draw before he could talk.

2) He was the only son in the family and very good-looking, so he was thoroughly spoilt.

3)He hated school and often refused to go there unless his doting parents allowed him to take one of his father’s pet pigeons with him!

4) Apart from pigeons, his great love was art, and when in 1891 his father, who was an amateur artist, got a job as a drawing teacher at a college, Pablo went with him to the college.

5) He often watched his father paint and sometimes was even allowed to help. One evening his father was painting a picture of their pigeons when he had to leave the room.

6) His father returned to find that Pablo had completed the picture, and it was so amazingly beautiful and lifelike that he gave his son his own pallette and brushes and never painted again.

7) At that time Pablo was just 13. From then onwards there was no stopping him. Many people realized that he was a genius but he disappointed those who wanted him to become a traditional painter.

8) He was always breaking the rules of artistic traditions and shocked the public with his strange and powerful pictures.

9 ) He is probably best known for his «Cubist» pictures, which used only simple geometric shapes made up of triangles and squares.

10) His work changed our ideas about art so much that to millions of people modern art means the work of Pablo Picasso.

#1.(…) Under what condition did Pablo agree to attend classes?

#2. (…)When did the young boy reveal his extraordinary inclination for drawing?

#3. (…) Why did his father give up painting?

#4. (…) What is the first association of the artistic people as well as art lovers called forth by Pablo Picasso and his art?

#5. (…)Did he keep up the traditional artistic principles or did he violate them altogether?

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510.

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1)1 was having a drink in my local pub the other day when to everybody’s amazement a pink and purple spotted kangaroo hopped through the door up to the bar and onto one of the stools.

2) The barman, who did his best not to show how astonished he was, came over and asked him what he wanted to drink.

3) The kangaroo put a twenty pound note down on the bar and said he would have a pint of beer.

4) The barman served him and the kangaroo began to drink his pint.

5) All the other customers stared in disbelief, quite at a loss for words

6) As soon as the kangaroo finished his pint, he asked the barman how much he owed him.

7) The barman was almost certain that the kangaroo had never been in a pub before and couldn’t possibly have any idea of the price of a pint of beer.

8 ) So he charged him twenty pounds and the kangaroo handed over the money and jumped down from the stool.

9) As he hopped towards the pub door, the barman who felt a bit guilty about overcharging him so much, called out to him: «See you again sometime! We don’t get many kangaroos drinking in this pub, you know.»

10) «I’m not surprised,» said the kangaroo, «considering that you charge twenty pounds for a pint.»

#1.(…) How did the barman react to the kangaroo turning up in the pub?

#2. (…) Why did the barman charge him so much?

#3. (…) Did the barman feel he had done wrong?

#4. (…) What did the kangaroo look like?

#5. (….) Was the kangaroo amazed hearing the price of a pint?

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